At present you can find every 3 persons out of 10 persons healthy. Actually we cannot use the term healthy here, the better word to be used would be obesity. Obesity is a small term but gives very bad impacts on the health of the person. If you overlook this problem then it may lead to several fatal diseases like it disturbs the blood pressure level, increases the cholesterol level of the body which results into several other health issues like it increases the risk of heart attack. People come to know about this effect very late and then they start doing precautions. Bariatric surgery is a surgery which helps us to reduce weight and so reduces the risk of other health issues caused due to obesity. There are two ways in which Bariatric Surgery helps to reduce the weight.
How to measure the obesity? BMI is a weighing measure which tells that a person is obese or not. It is calculated by comparing the height and the weight of the person. A person is considered well health if his/her BMI ranges between 18.5 and 24.9. if it goes below the minimum level then the person is considered underweight and if it goes above the maximum level then the person is considered overweight and he/she needs to look towards their health.
Why there is a need of Weight Loss Surgery?
Nobody is recommended directly for the surgery. They are advised to follow a very strict diet and a heavy exercise routine is followed by them. There are many cases where the strictly followed diet and the routine work out but on the other hand many cases are there which cannot be controlled due to heavy obesity. In those cases the only option left with the doctors to recommend a weight loss surgery only.
There are 4 types of weight loss surgery:
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass- in this surgery the surgeon creates a pouch on the stomach and the food would be received only in this part. This small amount of food containing pouch limits the amount of food and drink intake of our body. There is a proper care taken during surgery that the main part of the stomach doesn’t get disturbed and it properly secrets the digestive juices.
Laparoscopic Adjustable gastric banding- A procedure of weight loss in which a band is placed inside the stomach which contains an inflatable balloon and is placed on the upper part of the stomach. The banding helps to reduce the amount of food and the drinks that our stomach can hold.
Sleeve Gastrectomy- this surgery includes the removal of part of the stomach which shortens the size of the stomach and limits the amount of food intake. It produces less ghrelin hormone which decreases our desire to eat food.
Biliopancreatic Diversion with Duodenal Switch- in this procedure the surgeon removes the larger part of the stomach with a proper care to keep the valve safe which passes the food to the small intestine.
Though all these weight loss procedures work efficiently but the most widely used procedure for the weight loss purpose is Gastric bypass as there is a very less chance of Ulcers development if gastric bypass procedure is done.
Weight loss surgery is quite common nowadays and is introduced in many of the Indian hospitals like Gaga Ram Hospital, AIIMS, Primus health care, Apollo Hospital, Max Health care hospital etc. Apollo is the Asia’s first hospital where Robotic Bariatric surgery was done on a very heavy person who was of 348 Kg. The success rate of the bariatric surgery in India is giving a tough competition to the bariatric surgery foreign countries. It is only possible due to the highly qualified and well experienced doctors and the most developed equipment used in the surgery.
Limitations of Weight Loss Surgery-
Gastric Banding- it may result into the dilation of Oesophagus if over eating is done by the patient which means that the patient is bound to follow a strict diet throughout the life and if he failed to do so then he may have to suffer due to that.
Gastric Bypass- this surgery also has a limitation in which a patient would have to take vitamins and minerals life-long supplements as the surgery leads deficiencies of vitamins and minerals.
There are some other risks which occur after Weight Loss Surgery like a woman who goes under weight loss surgery gives premature birth of babies and even the baby is also small in size for gestational period.